Periodontitis is often referred to as gum disease. However, these are two different problems. Only a Dentist in Tacoma Wa can diagnosis and treat people with gum disease.
While periodontal disease is an inflammatory disease caused by bacterial plaque, the term periodontitis refers to a noninflammatory gum decline. This usually occurs around 35 years of age and is favored by a hereditary predisposition. Today, the term “gum recession” is preferably used instead of the term periodontal disease.
The cause of chronic periodontitis, as well as “simple” gingivitis, are the bacteria in plaque. Scheduling a cleaning every six months with a Dentist in Tacoma Wa can help prevent this.
Because the consistent bacteria are present in many people, without causing periodontal disease, it has been scientifically proven that hereditary predisposition to an increased inflammatory response of the immune system also plays an important role in the development of gum disease. The starting point for inflammation is around the gum line. Bacterial plaque is formed more easily in this area than anywhere elsewhere in the mouth and can remain there permanently if not removed every day.
The inflammation itself is a defense reaction of the body against bacteria and the toxins they produce. The immune system is activated and causes, among other things, the following actions:
• The gums are supplied with more blood, which may be due to swelling. The area looks darker and redder. Healthy gums appear light pink.
• To fight the bacterial infection, white blood cells increasingly enter the gums. This occasionally leads to swelling and pain when brushing your teeth.
The process continues
Periodontal pockets cannot be cleaned during daily oral care because the toothbrush and floss cannot reach all areas of the mouth. Therefore, bacterial deposits continue to accumulate. It creates deeper pockets and even greater tissue damage.
In addition to these actual causes of periodontal disease, there are several risk factors that promote the onset and progression of inflammation. Similarly, periodontitis and tooth decay can be transmitted between partners. Careful oral care, regular oral health monitoring and, if appropriate, treatment will help to reduce the risk of gum disease.
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